Tablets in the Classroom

Introduction
Technology advancements and developments have led to the increase of computer and tablet’s capabilities in organizations. These capabilities include corporate communication, data creation, storage, modification and transfer in organizations, security control, research, passing commands to automated equipment, and monitoring of operations and processes. These technology advancements have in the recent years found a way to learning institutions, and specifically tablets in classrooms where they get used for education purposes such as research, communication, and training. The application of tablets in the classroom provides a broad range of advantages and at the same time gets faced with several disadvantages.

Research
Advances in technology continue to have a significant effect on the fabric of present-day society, through transformations in the method of education, communication, and socialization. One great innovation and technology is the use of tablets in schools for education purposes. Zhang, et. al. (2015), states that there has been a huge and rapid expansion of tablets use especially in schools and households. A tablet that is a common term shortened for a tablet computer gets described as a mobile personal computer that has a touchscreen display, battery, and circuitry all installed in one. Simply, it’s an entirely functional laptop that has a touch sensitive screen (Van Orden, 2006). The touch sensitive screen swivels to enable the computer to get applied alternately as a laptop or a tablet notebook. The tablet enables a user to interact with the computer just in a similar way as they would interact with a pen and a notebook (Dickerson, et. al. 2009). Tablet PCs incorporate digitizing technology that enables the user to make use of the device using a digital pen instead of a mouse to navigate or a keyboard to type. Data, entry in tablets, is possible through typing using a digital or integrated keyboard and is usually faster than Personal Digital Assistant.

The characteristics of teaching and learning using tablets include dynamic documents, interactive textbook, lecture capture, drawing, digital note taking, interactive teaching, and collaboration (Gubacs-Collins, & Juniu, 2009). Tablets have three main features that are most relevant in the physical education sector namely, voice recognition, digital ink, and handwriting recognition (Gubacs-Collins & Juniu, 2009). Both laptops and tablets can provide Internet connectivity to students, hence allowing them to communicate and access emails, and also allow students to take and access lecture notes electronically.

Tablets in classrooms provide have several functionalities and capabilities. First, tablets can get used in training and tutoring of difficult subjects such as Mathematics, where they become more enjoyable and understandable to students using visuals and animations. Studies show that the integration of Mathematics apps in training Mathematics has led to improved performance in the subject (Zhang, et. al. 2015). These Mathematics apps also assist in closing the gap between struggling and typical students in the subject through enhancing instruction (Ellington, Wilson, & Nugent, 2011). Multimedia technologies, audio texts, and graphics that have got enabled through the use of tablets in classrooms have aided in vocabulary learning in language learning courses (Arikana & Ozenb, 2015). Students can easily work and collaborate with fellow students or the teacher to improve language fluency and knowledge in an environment enabled by tablets. E-learning has also become possible, as mobile service in class that gets provided by tablets has the capability of allowing an individual to attend via distance learning environment. It has enabled teachers and students to use the tablet features such as many limitless pages as possible, and various kinds of inks without erasing (Aksu, 2014). These pages are later shared with the students and teachers easily and at free costs as there are no costs of publishing, paper, distribution or usage. There are also not heavy as they are a reduce load to the students. The student learned content in class can also get assessed in a much easier and faster way in classrooms through the use of tablets (Enriquez, 2010). Tablets in classrooms also allow early childhood teachers to document the progress of child’s learning by taking photos, recording or even take a video. These forms of documents then get availed to the parent through messaging, daily blogs or online portfolios (Parnell & Bartlett, 2012). These methods allow teachers and parents to monitor child’s progress and identify weaknesses that need to get improved.

Mobile technology offers versatility and high adaptability for many learning styles and preferences as compare standard lecture and discussions in schools (Rossing, et. al. 2012). The use of tablets in classrooms allows the updating of students’ course materials and give assignments via SMS, and any other forms of alerts and updates. This aspect has got enabled through technological improvement of communication channels, hence improving mobile learning in further education (Fabian, & MacLean, 2014). Tablets use in classrooms has cemented a student-directed approach to writing instruction and at the same time assisting an inclusive classroom (Sullivan, 2013). The students can guide their writing process through the access of the electronic information resources, learning management system, and online text editor. When learning using tablets, it is easy to illustrate examples of certain topics.

Advantages of using tablets
There is increased interactivity in school work, through the use of tablets as it allows frequent communication, provides a platform for teacher- student discussion, and teachers easily receive student’s feedback. Tablets utilization in classrooms provides a critical opportunity for mobile learning, that encourages learning anywhere and anytime (Fabian, & MacLean, 2014). It can reach undeserving children who are unable to attend physical classes because of a particular reason. Through the use of tablets in classrooms has enhanced 21st-century social interactions, allowed for fitting with learning environments, and also the enabling of personalized learning experience.

The capability of tablets to illustrate learning at any time of a lesson increases the student understanding and know-how of a concept. Particularly the sciences and engineering, students can easily understand how machines work and the processes involved in the development of devices by researching on the internet (Rogers, & Cox, 2008). Mobility and digital ink characteristics available in a tablet, enhance the spontaneity in the process of learning. This aspect is possible because they provide information in a highly interactive as well as visual way instead of traditional methods such as a predetermined lecture or instruction that gets presented as a PowerPoint slideshow.

The increase in the use of tablets in schools would be vital in minimizing the rate of computer illiteracy in the society. The tablet functions similarly to a computer hence one can learn basic skills of using computers such as generating documents. Gubacs-Collins, & Juniu, (2009), in their study of the role played by tablet PCs as tools for teaching, identified that tablets benefited teachers by facilitating several functions, such as digital note-taking, annotation of presentation materials, and the markup of student assignments and projects. The use of tablet PCs also improved the attention of students in class and their comprehension and understanding of the course material.

Disadvantages of using tablets

The functionality of the various applications installed in tablets lags behind the software written for use in personal computers. For instance, the capability to create, modify and generate documents through the use of word-processing, spreadsheet, and presentation software, is less advanced in tablets that in personal computers (Mang & Wardley, 2013). Other challenges facing the use of tablets in schools for learning include low internet access, inequality in technology access, and the blocking and filtering of certain websites by the school authority (Heejung, 2014). The use of tablets in schools also calls for training of more teachers in how to operate and teach using tablets. Tablets are also prone to damage if not properly handled especially at elementary levels due to their fragile nature.

Conclusion
The use of tablets in schools has significantly affected the performance of students in schools, the service delivery of teachers, and the learner and parent satisfaction. Although the use of tablets in schools gets faced with several challenges, it is evident that the advantages outweigh them. The research concludes that the use of tablets in schools provides a wide range of benefits than challenges hence should get adopted in the modern educational system. With appropriate systems, proper strategic planning, and the right management of anticipations, the tablet technologies can effective alleviate educational levels in our schools.

Integrating HSE Practices in Nigerian Construction Projects

The construction industry in Nigeria is booming, driven by rapid urbanization and significant infrastructure investments. However, this growth comes with increased safety and environmental risks. To mitigate these risks, integrating Health, Safety, and Environment (HSE) practices into construction projects is crucial. This blog explores how HSE certification Nigeria, the best HSE certification in Nigeria, and various HSE courses in Nigeria can play a pivotal role in enhancing safety and sustainability in the construction sector.

The Importance of HSE in Construction

Construction sites are inherently hazardous, with numerous potential risks such as falls, equipment-related injuries, and exposure to hazardous materials. Effective HSE practices are essential to:

– Ensure Worker Safety: Protecting workers from accidents and health hazards.
– Enhance Environmental Protection: Minimizing the environmental impact of construction activities.
– Improve Project Efficiency: Reducing downtime and project delays caused by accidents.
– Compliance with Regulations: Meeting legal requirements and industry standards.

Key HSE Certifications and Training

To effectively integrate HSE practices, professionals in the construction industry need to be well-trained and certified. Several HSE certifications and courses are available in Nigeria, tailored to different levels of expertise and industry needs.

1. HSE Certification Nigeria:
– This certification is widely recognized and covers fundamental safety principles and practices. It provides a solid foundation for those starting their careers in HSE.

2. Best HSE Certification in Nigeria:
– For those looking to advance their careers, certifications such as NEBOSH (National Examination Board in Occupational Safety and Health) are considered among the best in Nigeria. They offer comprehensive training on risk management, safety protocols, and environmental management.

3. HSE Courses in Nigeria:
– Numerous institutions offer specialized HSE courses in Nigeria, focusing on various aspects such as construction safety, environmental management, and occupational health. These courses are designed to equip professionals with the necessary skills to implement and manage effective HSE practices on construction sites.

Integrating HSE Practices: A Step-by-Step Approach

1. Assessment and Planning:
– Conduct a thorough risk assessment of the construction site to identify potential hazards. Develop a comprehensive HSE plan that outlines safety measures, environmental protections, and emergency procedures.

2. Training and Certification:
– Ensure all site personnel, from workers to managers, undergo appropriate HSE training. Encouraging staff to obtain relevant HSE certifications can significantly enhance their understanding and adherence to safety protocols.

3. Implementation of Safety Measures:
– Implement practical safety measures such as proper signage, protective gear, and safe operating procedures for equipment. Regularly monitor and review these measures to ensure their effectiveness.

4. Regular Audits and Inspections:
– Conduct regular HSE audits and site inspections to identify and rectify potential safety breaches. Use these audits to continuously improve safety practices and ensure compliance with HSE standards.

5. Promoting a Safety Culture:
– Foster a culture of safety where every worker is aware of the importance of HSE practices and feels responsible for maintaining a safe working environment. Encourage open communication about safety concerns and suggestions for improvement.

Conclusion

Integrating HSE practices into Nigerian construction projects is not just a regulatory requirement but a vital component of sustainable and efficient project management. By investing in the best HSE certification in Nigeria and participating in specialized HSE courses in Nigeria, construction professionals can significantly enhance their ability to manage risks, protect workers, and ensure environmental sustainability. As the construction industry continues to grow, prioritizing HSE will be key to building a safer and more prosperous future for Nigeria.

Wireless and Mobile Technologies

Study Case
Various companies around the world have known the need to move with the speed at which the technology is moving. They seem to have realized that company’s growth does not is not largely reflected on the size but the speed of service delivery. No industry has known this more than the airline industry around the world and most the United States airline industry. Delta is leading the way in the implementation of wireless and mobile technologies in a bid to leverage on the services they provide to their customers. The implementation of the modern technologies and mostly the wireless and mobile technologies has seen Delta being ranked among the best airline companies in the world.

Study Questions
Question 1
a) Wireless technologies are among the modern technological inventions. Wireless technologies involve the transmission of data and information from one place to another without the help of wires, cables or any forms of the electrical conductor. The distance of transmission can be anywhere between few meters (Television remote control) and several thousand miles (Radio communication). Wireless technologies use devices such as cordless telephones, GPS units, wireless computers, mobiles, and satellite television among others (Hayden et al., 2001).

b) Mobile technology is the exact dictation of the name. Mobile technology is the form of technology that is portable. It is a reference to any device and gadget that can be carried and help to perform various tasks. The technology allows the user to perform the tasks via cell phones, laptops, and PDA among others (Hayden et al., 2001).

c) Importance of wireless and mobile technologies

Wireless and mobile technologies enable professionals to work and have a functional access to the Internet from anywhere and at any time without the need to carry cables and wires wherever they move. Additionally, it helps to complete the work from anywhere and on time thereby increasing productivity.
Wireless and mobile technologies enable doctors, professionals and other workers working from the remote areas to be in touch with the medical centers and officers through mobile wireless communications.
Wireless and mobile technologies help to alert urgent situation. The affected areas can obtain help and support using the two technologies (Fette, 2008)
Question 2

Delta is one of the high-tech airline companies in the United States. The airline company has implemented several wireless and mobile technologies such as Wi-Fi, mobile apps such as Fly Delta App, Delta Ticket Counter, and Delta Away We Go App. It has also implemented some business functionalities within social media such as the Facebook and Twitter. One of the essential metrics for the airline industry is the level of technology. The metric enables investors to compare levels of efficiency at a particular airline. It represents the likelihood of growth in the future and how much operating revenue such an airline company generates. The implementation of wireless and mobile technologies has improved its efficiency. Delta is ranked as the most efficient airline for customer services which has been enabled by the technologies (Delta Staff Writer, 2012).

Question 3
People have grown to be accustomed to seeing improvements in their experiences with goods and services they buy. Airline companies provide transport services to their customers. Delta is among the companies. Forbes Magazine has recently listed the company as one of the customer friendly company. Furthermore, it is efficient in the way it serves the people. However, the improvements have come due to the implementation of various organizational systems, wireless technologies, and mobile technologies. All the improvements have been necessitated by the growing competition if the industry and the need to increase revenue. The company implements most of its technologies according to the trend and needs in the industry. All the technologies the company has implemented recently have been necessitated by the need to move with the speed at which the technology and the world are moving. Additionally, the company evaluates the available technologies before deciding the most suitable and one which will bring the desired changes in the company (Delta Staff Writer, 2012).

The level of efficiency of the implementations has catapulted the company to great heights. The company’s listing as one of the most airlines has not come due to anything else other than the efficiency of the service due to its customers. The efficiency has been made possible by the various organizational systems, wireless technologies, and mobile technologies. The company has beaten several companies that have lagged behind in such technological implementations and deployment (Delta Staff Writer, 2012).

Question 4
Delta Airlines is one of the airline companies using their mobile and wireless technologies most strategically. The company could be the most strategic in the application of the mobile and wireless technologies. The above is true due to the various technologies it has implemented to serve the customers in the best way. Some of the technologies are the Wi-Fi in all its carrier airplanes. Wi-Fi is a wireless technology, and no other company has implemented. It is likely that most of the companies which will implement the technology later will borrow from Delta. The company has also developed various mobile applications such as Fly Delta App, which provides e-Boarding check-in options in more than eighty cities where the Delta operates around the world. Delta’s Ticket Counter is also one of the applications that enable booking through the Facebook without having to navigate to the company’s website. The company also has an innovative tool like the Delta Away We Go, which allows the customers share and plans their traveling experience with friends and families. Delta beats most of its competitors due to such technological implementations. The company would not have probably beaten other airline companies if they had such implementations. The fact that it has emerged top is an indication that most of its competitors are lagging behind in implementation, or their implementations are not strategic (Delta Staff Writer, 2012).

Question 5
The success of the business depends on its speed of goods and services delivery as opposed to its vastness. Businesses rely on the quick exchange of information. Wrong data and information lead to delays and eventual suffering of service and productivity. Mobile and wireless technologies have become essential for getting accurate and real-time information wherever and whenever it is needed. However, such technologies cannot function without support. Therefore, they require enterprise technologies to leverage the technologies. Some of the technologies are LAN. LAN enables the companies to track and connect their workforces using the Voice over IP (VoIP). Additionally, Delta has been using Facebook as an enterprise system. It does so by the use of Delta Ticket Counter which allows customers to book travel through the Facebook. Other enterprise systems are the company’s website and various mobile phones on which the applications will be installed.