Exams and Questions

Question 1
Good answers may include; I have born as well as gained qualities of leading, delegating and coaching and direct. I have read the job demands, and I understand that the firm needs a manager who can effectively manage a team and deliver targets too. My professional record, education job achievements, as well as qualification, prove my abilities as a manager. I possess the desired educational qualification; skill sets as well as prior experience in similar capacity. I am an extrovert person and hence, able to get well with diverse people be it at the team level, current customers or new ones.

Bad answers may include; I have a bachelor’s degree in Management. I always dream to be a boss. I just like getting jobs getting done. I want a job that earns me respect. I want a job which is highly paying. I am very strict and I always never compromise laziness on work. I am qualified to take the job. From the good answers, it is predictable that the person has a person and willing to work with team members for the interest of the organization. The person is likely to buy into the ideas of the organization. Contrary, the person giving wrong answers is seen to have future problems as a leader. He seems a manager who will not listen to the juniors. He is also seen as somebody with pride which can negatively affect the work

Question 4
Some of the challenges faced by supervisors while initiating new workflow in the department include; Increased grumbles by employees, resistance from some employees, reduced production in that period, and demand by employees to maintain the status quo. Such changes in the workspace are not always in vain. Some of the reasons for reshuffle include accommodating new employees, an organization based on a line of duty, facilitating mentorship and training, reducing conflicts among employees, reducing workplace boredom, promoting productivity as well as introducing new functions in the department. While carrying reorganization, supervisors need to avoid bias in the changes and change resistance among departmental members. There is also need to avoid improper mixing of employees and lowering working morale of employees. Avoiding such pitfalls is critical in ensuring that the transition is without employee friction.

Question 7
During my long holiday, I got a job as a supervisor in a bakery. The worst part of it was that some of my team members would get sick or get some emergencies forcing them to be absent at the job. We always quarreled with our customers whose targets were not met because of absenteeism. I remember the company losing three greatest customers for another bakery because of inability to meet their orders. With management knowledge, I had acquired over the term coupled with full responsibility as a supervisor, I decided to reshuffle the whole team. Since I had a team of 70 employees, I decided to divide them into two groups of 30 each. The remaining 10 were to be my standby team. I strategized the whole team to ensure that every person at one time becomes a member of standby team. This approach ensured that whenever an employee had an emergency, the standby force was ready to keep the work going. A mere development of standby force saved the company and returned lost customers. It was the time I realized that standby force as an organization strategy is critical in ensuring continuity at the workplace.

Take one-on-one customized Online Spanish Lessons in virtual classrooms

Twist your tongue, roll your lips, frame out words, other than your mother tongues with online language classes. Learning a language is not only about grammar and literature, the basic purpose of learning a foreign language is to be able to use that for a minimal at least dialogue process. The bare minimum requirement of being a beginner is just getting corrected just at the spur of the moment you make a spelling, pronunciation and usage error.

French is a romantic language, but the romance fizzes out when the anatomy of the language comes to play. The advantage and idea behind online French classes is to develop an interactive interpersonal communication with the expert trainers, in no time or physical effort. Just a simple registration and you are enrolled to learn French online via a virtual campus offering one-on-one training which is followed by forums, group classes and workshops in an interactive and engaging way rather than maintaining the focus on rote learning techniques. The teachers possess advanced degrees and years of practical experience in training and imparting language related knowledge. Several podcasts further simplify the comprehensive process as hearing a particular piece will enhance the levels of receptivity. Furthermore, an altruistic approach is chosen on a priority basis for further alienating any clouds of doubt which may arise due to the complexities of the language. Multimedia and all its possible sources are used in an extensive way so as to make it more accessible and intermix it with fun and excitement.

Another language on the list is Spanish where the same module i.e. online Spanish lessons where communicative and task based activities are carried out to teach grammar and vocabulary without a monotonous classroom lecture and a fat text book. Teachers from Spain and Latin America develop a unique lesson plan dependent on three factors namely the student’s level, his objective and learning style which evolves as customized classes for the language owing to all the students having different levels and standards, which they assure to meet in the best possible way in order to mete out almost all impediments coming their way.

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Tablets in the Classroom

Technology advancements and developments have led to the increase of computer and tablet’s capabilities in organizations. These capabilities include corporate communication, data creation, storage, modification and transfer in organizations, security control, research, passing commands to automated equipment, and monitoring of operations and processes. These technology advancements have in the recent years found a way to learning institutions, and specifically tablets in classrooms where they get used for education purposes such as research, communication, and training. The application of tablets in the classroom provides a broad range of advantages and at the same time gets faced with several disadvantages.

Advances in technology continue to have a significant effect on the fabric of present-day society, through transformations in the method of education, communication, and socialization. One great innovation and technology is the use of tablets in schools for education purposes. Zhang, et. al. (2015), states that there has been a huge and rapid expansion of tablets use especially in schools and households. A tablet that is a common term shortened for a tablet computer gets described as a mobile personal computer that has a touchscreen display, battery, and circuitry all installed in one. Simply, it’s an entirely functional laptop that has a touch sensitive screen (Van Orden, 2006). The touch sensitive screen swivels to enable the computer to get applied alternately as a laptop or a tablet notebook. The tablet enables a user to interact with the computer just in a similar way as they would interact with a pen and a notebook (Dickerson, et. al. 2009). Tablet PCs incorporate digitizing technology that enables the user to make use of the device using a digital pen instead of a mouse to navigate or a keyboard to type. Data, entry in tablets, is possible through typing using a digital or integrated keyboard and is usually faster than Personal Digital Assistant.

The characteristics of teaching and learning using tablets include dynamic documents, interactive textbook, lecture capture, drawing, digital note taking, interactive teaching, and collaboration (Gubacs-Collins, & Juniu, 2009). Tablets have three main features that are most relevant in the physical education sector namely, voice recognition, digital ink, and handwriting recognition (Gubacs-Collins & Juniu, 2009). Both laptops and tablets can provide Internet connectivity to students, hence allowing them to communicate and access emails, and also allow students to take and access lecture notes electronically.

Tablets in classrooms provide have several functionalities and capabilities. First, tablets can get used in training and tutoring of difficult subjects such as Mathematics, where they become more enjoyable and understandable to students using visuals and animations. Studies show that the integration of Mathematics apps in training Mathematics has led to improved performance in the subject (Zhang, et. al. 2015). These Mathematics apps also assist in closing the gap between struggling and typical students in the subject through enhancing instruction (Ellington, Wilson, & Nugent, 2011). Multimedia technologies, audio texts, and graphics that have got enabled through the use of tablets in classrooms have aided in vocabulary learning in language learning courses (Arikana & Ozenb, 2015). Students can easily work and collaborate with fellow students or the teacher to improve language fluency and knowledge in an environment enabled by tablets. E-learning has also become possible, as mobile service in class that gets provided by tablets has the capability of allowing an individual to attend via distance learning environment. It has enabled teachers and students to use the tablet features such as many limitless pages as possible, and various kinds of inks without erasing (Aksu, 2014). These pages are later shared with the students and teachers easily and at free costs as there are no costs of publishing, paper, distribution or usage. There are also not heavy as they are a reduce load to the students. The student learned content in class can also get assessed in a much easier and faster way in classrooms through the use of tablets (Enriquez, 2010). Tablets in classrooms also allow early childhood teachers to document the progress of child’s learning by taking photos, recording or even take a video. These forms of documents then get availed to the parent through messaging, daily blogs or online portfolios (Parnell & Bartlett, 2012). These methods allow teachers and parents to monitor child’s progress and identify weaknesses that need to get improved.

Mobile technology offers versatility and high adaptability for many learning styles and preferences as compare standard lecture and discussions in schools (Rossing, et. al. 2012). The use of tablets in classrooms allows the updating of students’ course materials and give assignments via SMS, and any other forms of alerts and updates. This aspect has got enabled through technological improvement of communication channels, hence improving mobile learning in further education (Fabian, & MacLean, 2014). Tablets use in classrooms has cemented a student-directed approach to writing instruction and at the same time assisting an inclusive classroom (Sullivan, 2013). The students can guide their writing process through the access of the electronic information resources, learning management system, and online text editor. When learning using tablets, it is easy to illustrate examples of certain topics.

Advantages of using tablets
There is increased interactivity in school work, through the use of tablets as it allows frequent communication, provides a platform for teacher- student discussion, and teachers easily receive student’s feedback. Tablets utilization in classrooms provides a critical opportunity for mobile learning, that encourages learning anywhere and anytime (Fabian, & MacLean, 2014). It can reach undeserving children who are unable to attend physical classes because of a particular reason. Through the use of tablets in classrooms has enhanced 21st-century social interactions, allowed for fitting with learning environments, and also the enabling of personalized learning experience.

The capability of tablets to illustrate learning at any time of a lesson increases the student understanding and know-how of a concept. Particularly the sciences and engineering, students can easily understand how machines work and the processes involved in the development of devices by researching on the internet (Rogers, & Cox, 2008). Mobility and digital ink characteristics available in a tablet, enhance the spontaneity in the process of learning. This aspect is possible because they provide information in a highly interactive as well as visual way instead of traditional methods such as a predetermined lecture or instruction that gets presented as a PowerPoint slideshow.

The increase in the use of tablets in schools would be vital in minimizing the rate of computer illiteracy in the society. The tablet functions similarly to a computer hence one can learn basic skills of using computers such as generating documents. Gubacs-Collins, & Juniu, (2009), in their study of the role played by tablet PCs as tools for teaching, identified that tablets benefited teachers by facilitating several functions, such as digital note-taking, annotation of presentation materials, and the markup of student assignments and projects. The use of tablet PCs also improved the attention of students in class and their comprehension and understanding of the course material.

Disadvantages of using tablets

The functionality of the various applications installed in tablets lags behind the software written for use in personal computers. For instance, the capability to create, modify and generate documents through the use of word-processing, spreadsheet, and presentation software, is less advanced in tablets that in personal computers (Mang & Wardley, 2013). Other challenges facing the use of tablets in schools for learning include low internet access, inequality in technology access, and the blocking and filtering of certain websites by the school authority (Heejung, 2014). The use of tablets in schools also calls for training of more teachers in how to operate and teach using tablets. Tablets are also prone to damage if not properly handled especially at elementary levels due to their fragile nature.

The use of tablets in schools has significantly affected the performance of students in schools, the service delivery of teachers, and the learner and parent satisfaction. Although the use of tablets in schools gets faced with several challenges, it is evident that the advantages outweigh them. The research concludes that the use of tablets in schools provides a wide range of benefits than challenges hence should get adopted in the modern educational system. With appropriate systems, proper strategic planning, and the right management of anticipations, the tablet technologies can effective alleviate educational levels in our schools.