Take one-on-one customized Online Spanish Lessons in virtual classrooms

Twist your tongue, roll your lips, frame out words, other than your mother tongues with online language classes. Learning a language is not only about grammar and literature, the basic purpose of learning a foreign language is to be able to use that for a minimal at least dialogue process. The bare minimum requirement of being a beginner is just getting corrected just at the spur of the moment you make a spelling, pronunciation and usage error.

French is a romantic language, but the romance fizzes out when the anatomy of the language comes to play. The advantage and idea behind online French classes is to develop an interactive interpersonal communication with the expert trainers, in no time or physical effort. Just a simple registration and you are enrolled to learn French online via a virtual campus offering one-on-one training which is followed by forums, group classes and workshops in an interactive and engaging way rather than maintaining the focus on rote learning techniques. The teachers possess advanced degrees and years of practical experience in training and imparting language related knowledge. Several podcasts further simplify the comprehensive process as hearing a particular piece will enhance the levels of receptivity. Furthermore, an altruistic approach is chosen on a priority basis for further alienating any clouds of doubt which may arise due to the complexities of the language. Multimedia and all its possible sources are used in an extensive way so as to make it more accessible and intermix it with fun and excitement.

Another language on the list is Spanish where the same module i.e. online Spanish lessons where communicative and task based activities are carried out to teach grammar and vocabulary without a monotonous classroom lecture and a fat text book. Teachers from Spain and Latin America develop a unique lesson plan dependent on three factors namely the student’s level, his objective and learning style which evolves as customized classes for the language owing to all the students having different levels and standards, which they assure to meet in the best possible way in order to mete out almost all impediments coming their way.

So what are you thinking about? Just choose the best online language school such as Lima Linguas and learn the languages easily.

10 Tips to Ace the NATA Exam This Year

Preparing for any entrance examination is like playing a tuff game, you need to learn the rules, be resilient, and practice hard. However, things become a little different when it comes to competitive examinations like NATA. It’s the same game set on maximum difficulty. Passing the NATA entrance exam was made mandatory by the Council of Architecture to enrol into any architecture college in India. It’s a unique examination with its own set of syllabus and a separate drawing test.

Well, it looks a little daunting but with the right tricks and knowledge, you can easily ace the exam. Here are some tips for the same-

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Understand the Exam Pattern

First thing first, you need to understand what you are getting into before starting your preparation. The NATA examination is divided into 3 parts, General Aptitude, Mathematics, and Drawing. The former two are covered in a one MCQ based test with a total of 120 marks, while the test of drawing includes 2 questions of 40 marks each. Hence, adding a total of 200 marks, you need a total of 80 marks to qualify, though it’s advised to aim for a higher number like 120 to get a decent college.

Speed

Speed is a crucial aspect of any entrance examination. The question paper is meant to be tricky and confusing, it’s your ability to solve the questions in the given time. There is no point in wasting 20 minutes just decorating your drawing questions, try to convey your idea in the most simple and effective way.

Don’t be a GK Geek

You don’t have to mug up general awareness questions, just stay aware of your surroundings. Pay special attention to the architectural section, follow works of popular architects and you are good to go.

Drawing

Not all architects are blessed sketchers, they built up a knack for drawing while practising in class. You need to do the same. Practice sketching daily is the key to crack NATA, try sketching buildings and interior structures starting form simpler designs.

Building Materials

If you dig out previous year question papers, you will find a lot of questions about building materials. However, this doesn’t mean you start pursuing engineering questions just keep your game up and learn about different construction materials used today.

History

Your preparation for NATA entrance exam demands conversant knowledge about the global architecture history. Learn everything about every iconic architectural patron, its history shapes the future remember that.

Erase

As you practice drawing trim down the use of an eraser. This will develop confidence in your drawing and keep your sketch more refined and clean. Also, only use A4 size sheets to practice, as you will receive the same during your final exam.

Mock Tests

The best way to prepare is by putting the gained knowledge on trial. Mock tests are the best way to asses yourself. They help you gain more insight into your knowledge and plan a future course of action accordingly. Coaching centres are dead serious about mock testes papers and lay more emphasis on weekly papers.

Divide Your Time

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Division of time is the key to a cohesive study. Break down your day into smaller parts, and divide your time accordingly. Give more emphasis on subjects you find difficult. Follow this schedule like a bible and pair you study with a series of mock tests and you are good to go.

Self-Discipline

To manage your time you need to first manage yourself. Never skip any study, practice, or test sessions. Visualize yourself as a top contender and stay focused on your NATA 2018 examination.

Risk assessment

Introduction
Risk assessment involves arriving at an estimate of the likelihood of future acts. Risk assessment is important throughout the adjudication process. It is often carried out for dispositional purposes and in the determination of various actions. In various situations decisions are often predicated, partially, on the basis of risk assessment outcomes. Thus, the accurate assessment of future risk is important to clinicians and policymakers. Recidivism rates for sex offenders vary considerably depending on various factors. The variables include the types of victims that the individual targets, previous offenses and conviction. The ability to make determination about risk is often performed through assessment of various individual factors. Clinical judgment is important part of risk assessment. However, assessment rooted in empirical foundations based on idiosyncratic experience is significantly important. These assessments are important as they illicit information on offender’s risk of re-offending. These factors include sexual arousal to minors, past criminal history, past sexual offenses, victims, absence of age-appropriate relationships and physiological factors. Given the importance of assessments, numerous risk factors have been studied to determine how they predict re-offense. The paper will discuss a case based on estimates of the likelihood that an offender will revert to criminal sexual behavior after intervention for a prior criminal act.

Discussion
Being a probation officer with a specialized caseload of sexual offenders, I would choose the first case. The case involves a 50-year-old repeat offender who began talking openly about his sexual attraction to a particular boy. The choice is based on the risk assessment factors that predict the probability that a sex offender will recidivate. The presence of arousal patterns or deviant sexual interests can be identified in this case. The individual has a preference for deviant stimuli for children (Vitacco et al., 2009). The repeat child molester has talked openly about his sexual attraction to a particular boy. Evidently, the offender prefers sexual relations with children over sexual relationships with age-appropriate partners. Because the type of interests or preferences is so strong, it can be a significant driving force behind propensity to re-offend. Research suggests a strong link between sexual deviance and sexual recidivism (Hawes & Boccaccini, 2013).

The understanding of sexual deviance among offenders is quite clear. Sexual offenders are resistant to treatment. However, the combinations of different features pose a great risk of recidivism. The potential risk of recidivism rates of sex offenders informs the treatment or interventions necessary. The risk levels of the particular individual are high due. Additionally, child molesters tend to have high rates of repeat offenses due to the chronic nature of their pathology (Vitacco et al., 2009). Recidivistic sexual offenders are expected to hold deviant behavior that eases the commission of repeat offense. The open confession by the individual, in this case, provides a fertile ground for maintenance of deviant sexual behavior. The sexual interactions with sexual victims in sexual offending are often viewed as problematic. In this case, the victim is incapable of mutuality given that he targets children (Efta & Freeman, 2004).

Prior offenses and other general criminology factors are important predictors of potential to re-offend. An individual who has previously engaged in sexually violent conduct is more likely to re-offend. Repeat offenses and reconviction for new sex offense are often considered to be important predictors of recidivism. The individual in this case had previously engaged in child molestation. Criminal history variables are often used to predict sexual recidivism. The idea is that past criminal history is a strong predictor of future behavior. Prior convictions for sexual violence are a predictor of future sexual crimes. Literature on predictors of sexual offending address issues of previous convictions. However, the prediction of recidivism amongst sexual offenders can be complex (Langevin et al., 2004).As a group, persons with previous convictions for sex crimes have higher rates of sexual recidivism compared to those without a previous sex crime conviction. Individual who molest children outside of the family record higher rates recidivism over time. The overall recidivism rate for sex offenders is considered to be lower than that of other criminal groups. However, sex offenders are also involved in arrest or conviction for other non–sex crimes as well as new sex offenses (Vitacco et al., 2009).

The type of victims selected by sexual offenders is an important indicator of recidivism. Research suggests that individuals who offended against exclusively against male children or against a wide range of types of victim have higher risk of reoffending. Accordingly, sexual preference for children, particularly male children is strong predictors of sexual recidivism (Christiansen & Vincent, 2013). The risk of repeat offense is higher for those sexual offenses committed against unrelated children. Individuals with prior sexual abuse against children outside their family pose a greater risk for further sexual molestation. Many offenders convicted of abusing children outside the family often have previous convictions for a sexual offences compared to individuals who abused children within the family (Christiansen & Vincent, 2013).

Extra-familial sexual offenders are more likely to have served prior sentence for the same crime. However, such findings should be weighed against the likelihood that extra-familial abuse is more likely to be reported and detected. The reason being that seriousness of the offence differs as incest is considered to be less life-threatening compared to random sexual abuse. Random sexual abusers of children commit impetuous, impulsive and primarily violent acts without control or consideration. They often have prior records of delinquency and sexual abuse features in their backgrounds. They have adult criminal records and have previously been convicted several times or have one prior conviction for sexual offences. The individual in this case is Extra-familial child molesters with a degree of sexual preoccupation with children. These factors predict sexual recidivism as most individuals who commit repeat sexual offences have similar characteristics. These are a factor in increased risk of recidivism amongst child molesters (Knighton et al., 2014).

The characteristics of the sexual offender are more similar to repeat sexual offenders who have previously committed a sexual offence. For repeat sexual offenders, the characteristics indicate an increase in the likelihood of future offending. Probably the most important predictors for the individual are prior offenses, sexual deviance and choice of victims. Additionally, the self confessed attraction is also a predictor of intentions to commit further sexual offenses. In the case, the individual has a history of similar types of offences. This also predicts a higher rate of offending. The relevance of the individuals’ previous offence history is repeated throughout literature. While most offenders do not necessarily specialize, those who commit a sexual offence in the past are more likely to do so again. For this individual, sexual deviancy was often a significant indicator of risk. Compared to the offender in the second case, multiple victims and related victims consistently indicate higher risk. Additionally, the individual has been convicted of sexual offense on more occasions compared to the offender in the second case.

Conclusion
An attempt to understand why recidivism occurs is constructive in developing intervention measures. The case shows a number of consistent patterns that provide useful indicators of risk. The individual in this case is Extra-familial child molesters with a degree of sexual preoccupation with children. The type of victims selected by sexual offenders is an important indicator of recidivism. Often, the individuals who offend exclusively against male children have a higher risk of reoffending. The relevance of the individuals’ previous offense history is repeated throughout literature. Repeat offenses and reconviction for a new sex offense are often considered to be important predictors of recidivism. The individual in this case had previously engaged in child molestation. Criminal history variables are often used to predict sexual recidivism. The idea is that past criminal history is a strong predictor of future behavior. For this individual, sexual deviancy was often a significant indicator of risk. Recidivistic sexual offenders have a deviant schema that eases the commission of repeat offense. The open confession by the individual, in this case, provides a fertile ground for maintenance of deviant sexual behavior. In this case, the potential victim, a young male is incapable of mutuality. Additionally, the self-confessed attraction is also a predictor of intentions to commit further sexual offenses. The individual openly confesses of his attraction towards a potential victim. The second case lacks significant indicators of repeat sexual offense in future.